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(Courtesy of the Local Studies Collection, Northallerton Library)

"AYSGARTH  is a parish, township, village and the head of a union, pleasantly situated on the south of the river Ure, or Yore, in Wensleydale, with a station 1 mile north-east on the Northallerton and Hawes Branch of the North Eastern railway, 8¾ miles west-south-west from Leyburn, 9 east from Hawes and 4 south-east from Askrigg; it is in the Richmond division of the Riding, wapentake and petty sessional division of Hang West, county court district of Leyburn, rural deanery of West Catterick, archdeaconry of Richmond and diocese of Ripon. The church of St. Andrew is an ancient stone building in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles and south porch, and an embattled western tower with pinnacles containing 6 bells: the elaborately-carved rood-loft and reading desk were brought from Jervaulx Abbey: the reredos of Caen stone, which is adorned with a representation of "The last Supper," after Leonardo da Vinci, was given some years ago by the daughters of the late H.T. Robinson, of Edgley and the Cliff, Leyburn: there is a brass eagle lectern and elegant brass coronæ, and several of the windows are stained: the whole church has been restored at a cost of £6,000, and affords 620 sittings. The registers date from about the year 1700. The living is a discharged vicarage, gross yearly value£192, including 38 acres of glebe, in the gift of Trinity College Cambridge, and held since 1873 by the Rev. Fenwick William Stow M.A. of that college, and surrogate. The tithes belong to Trinity College, Cambridge. There is a Wesleyan Methodist chapel here. A fair for sheep and cattle is held here on October 30th. ... The trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq. who are lords of the manor, ... The soil is very good; subsoil, limestone. The land is chiefly in pasture. The parish of Aysgarth is very extensive, containing the twelve townships of AYSGARTH, HIGH and LOW ABBOTSIDE, ASKRIGG, BAINBRIDGE, BISHOPDALE, BURTON-cum-WALDEN, CARPERBY-cum-THORESBY, NEWBIGGIN, THORALBY, THORNTON RUST and HAWES; it covers an area of 81,012 acres, a great part of which consists of high moorland. ... and the area 1,173 acres; rateable value £2,050. ... 



(Railway Sub-Office. Letters should have R.S.O. Yorks added. ...

Railway Station, Frederick Kitching, station master.



Aysgarth poor law union comprises the following twelve townships, viz: - High Abbotside, Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Aysgarth, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Hawes, Newbiggin, Thoralby and Thornton Rust. The area of the union is 81,012 acres, rateable value in 1892 £51,736; the population in 1891 was 4,746.


Board day monday, fortnightly, at the Board room, Bainbridge, 2 p.m.  


Clerk to the Guardians  & Assessment Committee, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg.


Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes.  Collector to the Guardians, Relieving & Vaccination Officer for the Union, E. Chapman, Worton.(p.25)


Medical Officers & Public Vaccinators, Askrigg district, Alfred Baker L.R.C.P.Edin. Askrigg; Hawes district, Thomas Jackson Grime M.D. Hawes.


Superintendent Registrar, W.E. M. Winn, Askrigg; deputy James Yelland, Askrigg.


Registrars of Births & Deaths, Askrigg sub-district, E. Chapman, Worton; deputy, Alex Thwaite Storey, Askrigg; Hawes sub-district, W. Shaw, Hawes. 


Workhouse, Bainbridge, a building of stone, built in 1810, to hold 60 inmates: Rev. Christopher Whaley M.A. hon. chaplain; George Whitton, master; Alfred Baker L.R.C.P. Edin. medical officer; Mrs. Elizabeth Whitton, matron. 



Meets at the Board Room, Bainbridge, monthly on Monday. Clerk, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes Medical Officer of Health, Alfd. Baker L.R.C.P. Edin. Aysgarth Inspector of Nuisances, W.L. Metcalfe, Bainbridge. 



Meets at the Board Room, Bainbridge, monthly on monday. Clerk, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg Attendance Officer, W.L. Metcalfe, Bainbridge Inquiry Officer, Eleazar Chapman, Worton. (25)



Bishopdale extends in a southerly direction from 3 to 6 miles from Aysgarth, and consists only of a few scattered farm-houses. Lead is found in small quantities in this township. The Trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq., are lords of the manor. The principal landowners are John William Lodge esq. William Purchas esq. and the representatives of the late Rev. John Metcalfe. The soil is rich loam; subsoil, limestone and gravel; the chief crop is hay. The population in 1891 was 91, and the area is 3,851 acres; rateable value, £1,909. Letters arrive from Aysgarth Station R.S.O. arrive at 8.30 a.m.


School (mixed & infants), built in 1880, for 50 children; average attendance, 21; Miss Fanny Barnes, mistress (p.26). 




























































































































Thoralby is pleasantly situated in Bishopdale 2 miles south east from Aysgarth station and 10 miles south-east-by-east from Hawes. There are Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist chapels and a reading-room and library erected in 1887. Lead is obtained in small quantities. Here also is a fine waterfall called the "Silver Chain Force". The trustees of the late H.T. Robinson esq. are Lords of the Manor. The principal landowners are William Purchas esq., John William Lodge esq., Robert Sadler esq., Septimus Sadler esq. and the trustees of the late H.T. Robinson esq. The acreage is 2, 581; rateable value of £2,402; the population in 1891 was 202. Post Office - Mrs. Anne Jane Webster, postmistress. Letters arrive from Aysgarth Station R.S.O. at 7 am; dispatches at 4.30 pm. The nearest money order office is at Aysgarth; the nearest telegraph office at Aysgarth station.


POST OFFICE. - Mrs. Anne Jane Webster, postmistress.


Letters arrive from Aysgarth Station R.S.O. at 7 a.m.; dispatched at 4.30 p.m.

The nearest money order office is at Aysgarth station. 


The children attend the school at Newbiggin. (p.26)

Lodge John William



Close John, farmer, Ribba hall

Dent William, farmer, West New houses

Fawcett Rowland & Sons, farmers,  Longridge

Foster William, farmer, Myres garth

Fryer George, farmer, New House gill

Heseltine Jeffrey, farmer, Dale foot

Heseltine William, farmer, Dale head

Lodge John William, farmer, The Rookery

Metcalfe William, farmer

Stamp Edward, farmer, Dale head

Webster Rbt. gamekpr. to J.W. Lodge esq.

Wilcock Robert, farmer, Scarr top

Woodward William & James Henry, 

 farmers, Kidstones (p.27)


Burton-cum-Walden consists of the pleasant and well built village of WEST BURTON and the straggling hamlet of Walden, and is 1½ miles south from Aysgarth station. There are Congregational and Wesleyan Methodist chapels; and stone is obtained here. Fairs are held for cattle &c. on the 10th of March and 6th of May. Here is a very pretty waterfall.  The trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq. are lords of the manor; the trustees of the late James Moody esq. and G.O. Wray esq. William Purchas esq. William Robinson King esq. James Clarkson Winn esq. J.P. and Major P. Costobadie, are the principal landowners. The soil is loam; sub-soil, limestone and gravel; the land is mostly pasture. The population of the township in 1891 was 425; and the acreage is 6,790; rateable value, £4,548.

Walden which consists of a few scattered farm-house, extends in a southerly direction from West Burton about 2 to 6 miles. 

West Burton

Robinson Memorial Endowed School, erected in 1869, at the sole cost of the late H.T. Robinson esq. for 90 children; average attendance, 44; it was endowed by the late Mrs. Hudson, and is managed by a body of trustees; Alfred Joseph Weatherall, master.

Post and M.O.O.S.B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, West Burton. - William Lawson, sub-postmaster. Letters through Aysgarth Station R.S.O. at 7.00 a.m. & are dispatched at 4.25 p..m.; summer; no delivery or dispatch on sundays. The nearest telegraph office is at Aysgarth station.
















































Newbiggin is situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 miles south-east from Hawes. The trustees of the late Thomas H. Robinson esq. are lords of the manor. The principal landowners are Robert Chapman esq. and John William Lodge esq. William Purchas esq. William Robinson King esq. and James Whaley Fryer esq. The acreage is 2,000; rateable value £1,537; the population in 1891 was 101.


Letters through Aysgarth Station R.S.O. arrive at 8 a.m.; dispatched at 4.50 p.m.; sundays at 3 p.m.

School founded in 1748, for 70 children; average attendance 53; 

John William Hill, master.

Brown James, tailor

Bushby Henry, farmer

Dent Richard Lord, farmer

Dinsdale John & Son, farmers

Dinsdale Francis Spence, sen. farmer

Dinsdale Francis Spence, jun. farmer

Fawcett Robert, farmer

Heseltine John, farmer

Heseltine Thos, farmer, East Lane ho

Lambert Matthew, grocer & farmer

Metcalfe Jermiah, farmer

Sayer John, jun. farmer

Thwaite John, farmer, West Lane ho

Thwaite Simon, Street Head P.H. & farmer

Webster Michael, Heifer inn & farmer 




(Marked thus * should be addressed 

  Leyburn, R.S.O.)

Bain George Washington

Harrison Capt. W.B.

Hewgill Mrs

*Hutton Mrs. Sorrel Syke hall

Johnson Edward Banks

Johnson Richard

Johnson Thomas Christr. M.B. C.M.

*King Thomas Firbank, Edgley

King William Robinson, jun

Plews Miss

Purchas William, Flanders hall 

Pybus John

*Randell William, Hest holme

Sadler Septimus

Sunter Mrs

Winn Jas. Clarkson J.P. The Grange


Buratt John, farmer

Bushby William & John, saddlers

Clark Elijah, tailor & reporter

Capstick Robert Dinsdale, farmer

Dinsdale John, farmer

Fawcett William, farmer

Graham Edward, farmer

Hall Thomas, farmer

Hammil Thomas, farmer

*Hammond George, farmer Hest holme

Hammond William, stone mason

Hemsley William, cooper

Hemsley William, joiner

Irving Wm. shopkeeper & wheelwright

Johnson Edward Banks, solicitor 

Johnson Thomas Christopher M.B. C.M.      surgeon

King William Robinson, jun. solicitor

*King Thomas Firbank, land agent &            surveyor, Edgley

Knowles Ellen (Mrs.), dress maker

Lambert Thos. farmer

Lancaster Charles, blacksmith

Lawson Wm. & Son, grocers & post office     &c.

Lawson Margaret (Mrs.), teacher of              sewing

Metcalfe George, stone mason

Metcalfe James, butcher & farmer

Metcalfe John, butcher & farmer

Metcalfe Leonard, farmer

Metcalfe William, farmer

*Metcalfe William, farmer, joiner &              gamekeeper to Capt. Harrison

Mudd Mary (Mrs.), dress maker

Pickard Joseph, Fox & Hounds P.H. &            shpkr

Pratt Wm. & Son, druggist & grocers

Rider Francis Henry, farmer

Robinson George Henry, farmer

Sayer Joseph, farmer

*Smithson George, farmer

Thompson William, farmer     

Thwaite Margaret (Mrs.), cowkeeper

Weatheral Alfred Jsph. school master

White Elizth. Jane (Mrs.), Black Bull inn



Bell John, farmer

Craddock Thomas, farmer

Dinsdale Stephen, farmer & gamekeeper     to J.C. Winn

Dixon Edmun, farmer

Furnish John, farmer

Guy Richard, farmer

Johnson Charles, farmer

Metcalfe John, farmer

Metcalfe Richard, farmer

Pagnall William, farmer

Routh Thomas, farmer

Scott Jane (Mrs.), farmer

Spence Bernard, farmer

Spence John, farmer

Webster Joseph, farmer

Webster Robert, farmer


Dent Mrs. Heaning hall

Nicholson Mrs

Sadler Miss, High Green house

Sadler Mrs, Town Head

Sayer John



Coates Mary (Mrs), farmer

Coates William, farmer

Dent Leonard, farmer, Gale ing

Dinsdale Thomas, tailor & farmer

Fawcett James, farmer, Littleburn

Fawcett John (Mrs), farmer

Furnish Anne (Mrs), farmer

Furnish Francis, farmer

Haw James Lamb, boot & shoe maker

Hemsley John, farmer

Heseltine Matthew, farmer, Swine cote

Heseltine Matthew, George inn

Heseltine Robert, farmer

Jaques Leonard, farmer & landowner, Warnford cottage

Johnson James, farmer, Heaning

Lambert Francis, farmer

Metcalfe Thomas, farmer, Cote bottom Metcalfe William, farmer, Blind Syke Nicholson Ellen (Mrs), shopkeeper

Routh Richard, farmer

Sarginson John, farmer

Sayer Fras. & Thos.,corn millers (water)

Scott Thomas & John, farmers, Barker Thwaite Thomas, farmer

Thwaite Richard, farmer, How Syke

Wall James, farmer

Watson Christopher, farmer

Webster Anne Jane (Mrs), shopkeer, Post of 

Webster Septimus, farmer

Willis William & James, joiners

Willis Jane (Mrs), shopkeeper

Willis Matthew, blacksmith "


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