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(Courtesy of the Local Studies Collection, Northallerton Library)


"AYSGARTH  is a parish, township, village and the head of a union, pleasantly situated on the south of the river Ure, or Yore, in Wensleydale, with a station 1 mile north-east on the Northallerton and Hawes Branch of the North Eastern railway, 8¼ miles west-south-west from Leyburn, 9 east from Hawes and 4 south-east from Askrigg; it is in the Richmond division of the Riding, wapentake and petty sessional division of Hang West, county court district of Leyburn, rural deanery of West Catterick, archdeaconry of Richmond and diocese of Ripon. The church of St. Andrew is an ancient building of stone in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, south porch, and an embattled western tower with pinnacles containing a clock, presented by J.C. Winn esq. in 1904. and 6 bells: the pinnacles were added to the tower at the restoration of the church: the elaborately carved and decorated rood loft, was brought from Jervaulx Abbey, and the ends of the reading desk are also the work of the monks of that house: the reredos of Caen stone, which adorned with a representation of "The last Supper," after Leonardo da Vinci, was given in the year 1887 by the daughters of  the late H.T. Robinson, of Edgley and the Cliff, Leyburn: there is a brass eagle lectern and elegant brass coronæ, and several of the windows are stained, the church was restored, and to a considerable extent rebuilt in 1866 a cost of about £6,000, and affords 620 sittings. The registers date from about 1700. The living is a discharged vicarage, net yearly value£175, including 38 acres of glebe ad residence, in the gift of Trinity College Cambridge, and held since 1873 by the Rev. Fenwick William Stow M.A. of that college, and rural dean of West Catterick, and surrogate. The monks of Jervaulx Abbey became impropriators of the tithes of Aysgarth in 1423; they were never restored to the parish, but in Queen Mary's reign were made over to Trinity College, Cambridge, which thus became patron of the benefice. The Wesleyan Methodist chapel here was erected in 1901. A fair for sheep and cattle is held here on October 30th. ... The trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq. who is lord of the manor, ... The soil is very good; subsoil, limestone. The land is chiefly in pasture. The parish of Aysgarth is very extensive, containing the twelve townships of Aysgarth, High and Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Newbiggin, Thoralby, Thornton Rust and Hawes; it covers an area of 79,561 acres, a great part of which consists of high moorland. ... ecclesiastical parish in 1901, 1,369. ...



Meets at the Board Room, Bainbridge, fortnightly on monday.

Chairman, Thomas Stuart, Hawes 

Clerk, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg 

Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes 

Medical Officer of Health, Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. Aysgarth

Sanitary Inspector , Ralph Blades, Aysgarth

Surveyor, James Whaley, Askrigg S.O.



Aysgarth poor law union comprises the following twelve townships, viz: - High Abbotside, Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Aysgarth, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Hawes, Newbiggin, Thoralby and Thornton Rust. The area of the union is 81,033 acres, rateable value, in 1904, £50,331; the population in 1904 was 4,506.


Board day monday, fortnightly, at the Board room, Bainbridge, at 1.45 p.m.  


Chairman of the Board of Guardians, Thos. Stuart, Hawes 


Clerk to the Guardians & Assessment Committee, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg.


Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes 


  Collector to the Guardians, Relieving & Vaccination Officer for the Union, Alexander T. Storey, Askrigg (p.27)


Medical Officers & Public Vaccinators, Askrigg district, Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. Aysgarth; Hawes district, Thomas Jackson Grime M.D. Hawes 


Superintendent Registrar, W.E.M. Winn. Askrigg


Registrars of Births & Deaths, Askrigg sub-district, Alex Thawites Storey, Askrigg; deputy, James Whaley. Askrigg ; Hawes sub-district, Francis P. Bowe, Hawes


The Workhouse, at Bainbridge, is a building of stone, erected in 1810, & will hold 60 inmates; Rev. Christopher Whaley M.A. vicar of Askrigg, hon. chaplain;  Frank Hiscock, master; Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. medical officer;

Mrs Elizabeth Hiscock matron.


Public Elementary School, erected for 127 children; average attendance, 32, Mrs Hill, mistress.


Railway Station, Frederick Kitching, station master.


Bishopdale extends in a southerly direction from 3 to 6 miles from Aysgarth, and consists only of a few scattered farm-houses. Lead is found in small quantities in this township. The trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq. are lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Lieut. Col. John William Lodge J.P. William Purchas esq. of West Burton, and the representatives of the late Rev. John Metcalfe. The soil is rich loam; subsoil, limestone and gravel; the chief crop is hay. The population in 1901 was 80, and the area is 4,728 acres of land and 5 of water; rateable value, £1,780.


Letters from Aysgarth R.O. arrive at 8.30 a.m.


Wall Letter Box cleared at 4 p.m. week days only


Public Elementary School (mixed & infants), built in 1880, for 50 children; average attendance, 15;

Miss Barnes, mistress. (p.28)


















BURTON-cum-WALDEN consists of the pleasant and well built village of West Burton and the straggling hamlet of Walden, and is 1½ miles south from Aysgarth station. There are Congregational and Wesleyan Methodist chapels. Stone is obtained here. Fairs are held for cattle &c. on the 10th of March and 6th of May. Here is a very pretty waterfall. The trustees of the late Henry Thomas Robinson esq. are lords of the manor; the trustees of the late James Moody esq. William Purchas esq. William Robinson King esq. and James Clarkson Winn esq. are the principal landowners. The soil is loam; sub-soil, limestone and gravel; the land is mostly pasture. The population of the township in 1901 was 367; the area is 7,622 acres of land and 30 of water; rateable value, £4,3337.

Walden which consists of a few scattered farm-house, extends in a southerly direction from West Burton about 2 to 6 miles. 

West Burton

Robinson Memorial Endowed School, erected in 1869, at the sole cost of the late H.T. Robinson esq. for 90 children, average attendance, 59; it was endowed by the late Mrs. Hudson, and is managed by a body of trustees, acting under the direction of the Educational Committee of the County Council; Fred Ramsden, master.

Post and M.O.O.S.B. & A. & I. Office, West Burton. - William Lawson, sub-postmaster. Letters through Aysgarth Station R.S.O. at 6.35 a.m. & are dispatched at 5.25 p..m.; no delivery or dispatch on sundays. The nearest telegraph office is at Aysgarth station, 2 miles distant. (p.28)






























































Newbiggin is situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 south-east from Hawes. The trustees of the late Thomas H. Robinson esq. are lords of the manor. The principal landowners are Robt. Chapman esq. Lieut. Col John William Lodge of Bishopdale, William Purchas esq. and William Robinson King esq. of West Burton and James Whaley Fryer esq. of Rookhurst, Hawes. The area is 1,696 acres of land 5 of water; rateable value, £1,360; the population in 1901 was 95.


Letters through Aysgarth Station R.S.O. arrive at 8 a.m.


Wall Letter Box cleared at 4.50 p.m. week days only.


Council-Non Provided School, for children; average attendance, 70; James Hill, master. (p.28)


























THORALBY is pleasantly situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 south-east-by-east from Hawes. There are Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists chapels and a reading-room and library, erected in 1887. Here also is a fine waterfall, called the "Silver Chain Force". The trustees of the late H.T. Robinson, esq., are lords of the manor. The principal landowners are William Purchas, esq. of West Burton, Lieut-Col. John William Lodge, of Bishopdale, Arthur L. Sadler, Robert Sadler esqrs. the trustees of the late H.T. Robinson, esq. and Mrs. Birch. The acreage is 2,857 acres of land and 6 of water; rateable value, £2,199; the population in 1901was 212.


POST OFFICE. - Mrs. Ann. Jane Webster, postmistress.


Letters arrive from Aysgarth station R.S.O. at 7.10 a.m; dispatched at 5.5 p.m. Postal Orders are issued & paid here. The nearest money order offices are at West Burton; the nearest telegraph office at Aysgarth station, 2 miles distant (p.28).



Lodge Lieut. Col. John William J.P. The  Rookery



Close John, farmer, Ribba hall

Fawcett Rowland & Sons, farmer, Long  ridge & lane house

Fryer George, farmer, Dale head

Heseltine Jeffrey, Dale foot





Heseltine John, frmr, New House gill

Heseltine William, farmer, Dale head

Lambert John, farmer, West New ho.

Metcalfe William, gamekeeper to John  William Lodge esq.

Middleton Michael, farmer, Scarr top

Sayer Francis, farmer, Myers garth

Waddle Matthew, farmer, Kidstones




Brown James, tailor

Dent Richard Lord, farmer & assist  overseer

Dinsdale John, farmer

Dinsdale Mary (Mrs.) & Sons, farmer

Dinsdale William, frmr. & shoe maker

Fawcett Ann (Mrs.) & Son, farmers

Hemsley James, farmer

Heseltine John, jun. farmer & stone  mason


Heseltine John, jun. farmer & stone  mason

Heseltine Thos. farmer & stone mason

Metcalfe Jeremiah, farmer

Sayer John, farmer

Thwaite Felix, farmer, West Lane ho.

Thwaite Richard, Street Head P.H. &  farmer

Webster Michael, Heifer inn & farmer



(Marked thus * should be addressed Leyburn R.S.O.)

Bain George Washington

Hammond John, West Burton house

Hewgill Mrs

Johnson Edward Banks

Johnson Thos. Christr. M.B. C.M.

King William Robinson

Peacock William H.

*Pearson Sidney, Sorrel Sykes park

Plues Miss

Purchas Misses, Flanders hall

Purchas William, Flanders hall

*Randell William, Hest holme

Sunter Mrs

Winn Jas. Clarkson J.P., The Grange &            Constitutional club, Northumberland          avenue, London 


Abbott Jane (Mrs.), Black Bull P.H. 

*Alderson Geo. farmr. Sorrel Sykes fm

Brown Edward, butcher & farmer

Bushby John, saddler

Bushbby William, gardener to J.C. Winn        esq

Capstick Robert Dinsdale, farmer

Clark Elijah, brewers' traveller

Coates John, joiner

Fawcett John, farmer

Graham Edward, farmer

Hall Thomas, farmer

Hall William, farmer

Hammell Robert, Fox & Hounds P.H.

Hammond Tunstall, stone mason

Hammond Walter, stone mason &                assistant overseer

Hemsley Wm. joiner & shopkeeper

Heseltine Francis, farmer

Irving Margaret (Mrs.), shopkeeper 

Johnson Edward Banks, solicitor &                commissioner for oaths

Johnson Thomas Christopher M.B.,              C.M.Edin. surgeon

Lambert Thomas, farmer

Lancaster Christina (Mrs.), aparts

Lancaster Charles, blacksmith

Lawson Wm. & Son, grocers & post off

*Mason Leonard, farmer Hestholme

Mawer Thomas, householder

Metcalfe William, farmer & game-                 keeper to Capt. Harrison

Mudd Mary (Mrs.), dress maker

Pearson Shadrack, gardener to Wm. R.        King esq

Pratt Wm. & Son, druggists & grocrs

*Raw William, farmer, Edgley

Reading Room (Lewis Heseltine sec)

Rider Francis Henry, farmer

Sayer James, farmer

Simons Hy. acting sergeant of police

Smithson George, farmer, Howrane

Spence John, farmer

Thistlethwaite John , shoe maker,          

*Thompson Wm, frmr. Adam bottoms

Thwaite Thomas, farmer

Wardman James, tailor & shopkeeper

Watson Christopher & Wm. farmers



Bagley William, farmer

Dinsdale, William, farmer & gamekeeper    to J.C. Winn esq.

Dinsdale Wm. farmer, Cowstone gill

Furnish John, farmer

Guy Henry, farmer

Mallaby William, farmer

Metcalfe Richard, farmer

Routh Thomas, farmer

Simpson Watson, farmer

Simpson Margaret (Mrs.), farmer

Spence Bernard, farmer

Spence Robert, farmer

Thompson Robert, farmer

Thwaite Richard, farmer

Turnbull, George, farmer

Webster Robert, farmer


Sadler Misses, High Green house

Sadler Septimus, Town head



Beckwith Matthew, George inn

Coates James, farmer

Coates William, farmer

Dent Leonard, farmer, Gale Ing

Dinsdale John, farmer

Dinsdale Thomas, tailor & farmer

Fawcett Elizabeth & Jane (Misses), farmers  & apartments Littleburn

Fawcett John B., farmer, Barker farm

Furnish Anne (Mrs.), farmer

Furnish Francis, farmer

Gould George, farmer & apartments, Warnford cottage

Haw James Lamb, boot & shoe maker&  insurance agent

Hemsley John, farmer



Hemsley Ralph, farmer

Heseltine Matthew, farmer, Swine cote

Heseltine Matthew, farmer

Heseltine Robert, farmer

Lambert Francis, farmer

Lambert William, farmer Blind Syke

Metcalfe Thomas, frmr. Cote Bottom

Reading Room (Michael Webster, sec)

Routh Richard, farmer

Sayer Thomas, corn miller (water)

Thwaite John, farmer

Thwaite Richard, farmer, How Syke

Webster Anne Jane (Mrs), shopkeeper,  Post  office

Willis Matthew (Mrs.) & Sons, registered  shoeing smiths

Willis William & James, joiners

Willis Jane (Mrs), shopkeeper

Willis Jane (Mrs.), aparts. Stanley ho. "


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