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(Courtesy of the Local Studies Collection, Northallerton Library)

"AYSGARTH  is a parish, township, village and the head of a union, pleasantly situated on the south of the river Ure, or Yore, in Wensleydale, with a station 1 mile north-east on the Northallerton and Hawes Branch of the North Eastern railway, 8¼ miles west-south-west from Leyburn, 9 east from Hawes and 4 south-east from Askrigg; it is in the Richmond division of the Riding, wapentake and petty sessional division of Hang West, county court district of Leyburn, rural deanery of West Catterick, archdeaconry of Richmond and diocese of Ripon. The church of St. Andrew is an ancient building of stone in the Early English style, and later styles, consisting of chancel with aisles, nave, aisles, south porch, and an embattled western tower with pinnacles containing a clock, presented by J.C. Winn esq. in 1904. and 6 bells: the upper stage and pinnacles were added to the tower at the restoration of the church: the elaborately carved and decorated rood screen, now affixed to the south wall of the chancel, was brought from Jervaulx Abbey, and the ends of the reading desk are also the work of the monks of that house: the reredos of Caen stone, which adorned with a representation of "The last Supper," after Leonardo da Vinci, was given in the year 1887 by the daughters of  the late H.T. Robinson, of Edgley and the Cliff, Leyburn: there is a brass eagle lectern and elegant brass coronæ, and several of the windows are stained, including one to the Rev. Fenwick William Stow, M.A. , vicar 1873-1905: there is also a tablet to the Rev. Clement Hales M.A. founder in 1877 of the Aysgarth Preparatory School, near Jervaulx (d.1900): the church was restored, and to a considerable extent rebuilt in 1866 a cost of about £6,000, and affords 620 sittings. The registers date from the year 1707. The living is a discharged vicarage, net yearly value £130, including 38 acres of glebe ad residence, in the gift of Trinity College Cambridge, and held since 1904 by the Rev. Daniel Henry Moore M.A. of that college, and surrogate. The monks of Jervaulx Abbey became impropriators of the tithes of Aysgarth in 1423; they were never restored to the parish, but in Queen Mary's reign were made over to Trinity College, Cambridge, which thus became patron of the benefice. The Wesleyan Methodist chapel here was erected in 1901. A fair for sheep and cattle is held here on October 30th. ... A new foot bridge was erected in 1906 at Harper-Wath by the Rural District Council, in place of the old stepping stones. In the same year a water supply was provided at a cost of £600, the spring being presented by Mr. John Chapman, of Thornton Rust. [Tom Heseltine (1888-1960), the last in a long line of masons, put in the water supply from Millbeck for Thoralby and Newbiggin in 1906, for the princely sum of one penny farthing a yard.] ...William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. who is lord of the manor, ... The soil is very good; subsoil, limestone. The land is chiefly in pasture. The parish of Aysgarth is very extensive, containing the twelve townships of Aysgarth, High and Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Newbiggin, Thoralby, Thornton Rust and Hawes; it covers an area of 79,561 acres, a great part of which consists of high moorland. ... ecclesiastical parish in 1901, 1,369. ...



Meets at the Board Room, Bainbridge, fortnightly on monday.


Chairman, James Whaley Fryer J.P., Hawes S.O.


Clerk, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg S.O. (p.27)


Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes S.O.


 Medical Officer of Health, Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. Aysgarth S.O.


Sanitary Inspector, Ralph Blades, Aysgarth


Surveyor, James Whaley, Askrigg S.O.



Aysgarth poor law union comprises the following twelve townships, viz: - High Abbotside, Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Aysgarth, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Hawes, Newbiggin, Thoralby and Thornton Rust. The area of the union is 81,033 acres, rateable value, Michaelmas, 1908, £50,003;

the population in 1904 was 4,506.


Board day monday, fortnightly, at the Board room, Bainbridge, at 1.45 p.m.


Chairman of the Board of Guardians, Thomas Stuart, Hawes S.O.


Clerk to the Guardians & Assessment Committee, W.E.M. Winn, Askrigg S.O.


Treasurer, Edward Paul Gibson, Hawes S.O.


   Collector to the Guardians, Relieving & Vaccination Officer for the Union, Alexander T. Storey, Askrigg S.O.


Medical Officers & Public Vaccinators, Askrigg district, Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. Aysgarth;

Hawes district, Edward Wm. Anderton M.B. Ch. B. Hawes S.O.


The Workhouse, at Bainbridge, is a building of stone, erected in 1810, & will hold 60 inmates; Rev. Frederick Morris Symonnds Squibb M.A. vicar of Askrigg, hon. chaplain;  Frank Hiscock, master; Edward M. Hime M.B., Ch. B. medical officer; Mrs Elizabeth Hiscock matron.


Superintendent Registrar, W.E.M. Winn. Askrigg S.O. 


Registrar of Marriages, Alexander Thwaite Storey, Askrigg S.O.


Registrars of Births & Deaths, Askrigg sub-district, Alexander Thawites Storey, Askrigg S.O. ; deputy, James Whaley. Askrigg S.O. ; Hawes sub-district, Francis P. Bowe, Hawes S.O.


Public Elementary School, erected for 127 children; average attendance, 32, Mrs Hill, mistress.


Railway Station, Frederick Kitching, station master.


Bishopdale extends in a southerly direction from 3 to 6 miles from Aysgarth, and consists only of a few scattered farm-houses. Lead is found in small quantities in this township. William Robinson Burril-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Lieut.- Col. John William Lodge J.P. William Purchas esq. of West Burton, and the Thomas T.S. Metcalfe esq. of Lechlade, Glos. The soil is rich loam; subsoil, limestone and gravel; the chief crop is hay. The population in 1901 was 80, and the area is 4,728 acres of land and 5 of water; rateable value, £1,753.


Letters from Aysgarth S.O. arrive at 8 a.m.


Wall Letter Box cleared at 4 p.m. week days only.


Public Elementary School (mixed & infants), built in 1880 for 50 children; average attendance, 15;

Miss Parry mistress. (p.28)


Lodge Lieut.- Col. Jn. William M.A., J.P.,  The Rookery



Close John, farmer, Ribba hall

Dinsdale William, farmer, Dale foot &  game keeper to J.C. Winn esq. J.P., C.C.

Fawcett Bryan Roland & Jane (Miss.),  farmers, Long ridge

Fawcett John Bryan, farmer, Scarr top

Fawcett John Bryan, farmer, Scarr top

Fryer George, farmer, Dale head

Heseltine John, frmr. New house gill

Heseltine William, farmer, Dale head

Lambert John, farmer, West New ho.

Metcalfe William, gamekeeper to Lieut.-  Col. John William Lodge

Sayer Francis, farmer, Myers garth

Waddle, farmer, Kidstones



BURTON-cum-WALDEN consists of the pleasant and well built village of West Burton and the straggling hamlet of Walden, and is 1½ miles south from Aysgarth station. There are Congregational and Wesleyan Methodist chapels. Stone is obtained here. Fairs are held for cattle &c. on the 10th of March and 6th of May. Here is a very pretty waterfall. William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lords of the manor; the trustees of the late James Moody esq. William Purchas esq. and James Clarkson Winn esq. J.P. are the principal landowners. The soil is loam; sub-soil, limestone and gravel; the land is mostly pasture. The population of the township in 1901 was 367; the area is 7,622 acres of land and 30 of water; rateable value, £4,347.

Walden which consists of a few scattered farm-house, extends in a southerly direction from West Burton about 2 to 6 miles. 

West Burton

Robinson Memorial Endowed School, erected in 1869, at the sole cost of the late H.T. Robinson esq. for 90 children, average attendance, 50; it was endowed by the late Mrs. Hudson, and is managed by a body of trustees, acting under the direction of the Educational Committee of the County Council; Fred Ramsden, master.

Post and M.O. & T. Office, West Burton. - William Lawson, sub-postmaster. Letters through Aysgarth Station S.O. at 6.40 a.m. & are dispatched at 5.30 p.m.; sundays, 8.20 a.m.; dispatched 4.15 p.m. (p.28)

(Marked thus * should be addressed Leyburn S.O.)


Bain George Washington

Ewbank Misses

*Gibson Edmund Wyatt, Hest Holme

Hammond John, West Burton house

Johnson Edward Banks

Johnson This. Christr. M.B. J.P.

Mawer Thomas

Peacock William H.

*Pearson Sidney, Sorrel Sykes park

Plues Miss

Purchas Misses, Flanders hall

Purchas William, Flanders hall

Routh Thomas

Smith Francis Whaley, The Mount

Winn Jas. Clarkson J.P., The Grange


Abbott Jane (Mrs.), Black Bull P.H. 

*Alderson Geo. farmr. Sorrel Sykes fm

Brown Edward, butcher & farmer

Bushby John, saddler

Bushbby William, gardener to J.C. Winn        esq

Capstick Geo. Wm. Dinsdale, farmer

Coates John & Sons, joiners

Eales Joseph, Fox & Hounds P.H.

Fawcett John, farmer

Graham Edward, farmer

Hall William, farmer

Hammond Tunstall, stone mason

Hammond Walter, stone mason

Hartley Jas. Walker, boot & shoe dlr

Hemsley Wm. joiner & shopkeeper

Irving Jane Ann (Miss.), shopkeeper 

Johnson Edward Banks, solicitor &                commissioner for oaths

Johnson Thomas Christopher M.B.,              C.M.Edin. J.P. surgeon

Lambert Thomas, farmer

Lambert William, farmer

Lancaster Charles, blacksmith

Lancaster Christina (Mrs.), aparts

Lawson James & Son, grocers

Lawson Thomas, shopkeeper

Lawson William Anthony, draper, & post      office

Metcalfe William, farmer & game-                 keeper to Capt. Harrison

Mudd Mary (Mrs.), dress maker

Pratt Wm. & Son, druggists & grocrs

*Raw William, farmer, Edgley

Reading Room (Harold Coates, sec)

Smithson George, farmer, Howrane

Spence Robert Bell, farmer

*Stubbs James, farmer, Adam bottoms

Thwaite Thomas, farmer

Wardman James, tailor & shopkeeper

Watson Christopher & Wm. farmers



Bagley William, farmer

Butterfield Joseph, farmer

Furnish John, farmer

Guy Henry, farmer

Guy Thomas, farmer

Lambert William, farmer

Mallaby William, farmer

Metcalfe Jeffrey, farmer

Metcalfe Richard, farmer

Spence Bernard, farmer

Thompson Robert, farmer

Thwaite Richard, jun. farmer

Thwaite Richard (Mrs.). farmer


Newbiggin is situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 south-east from Hawes. William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Robt. Chapman esq. Lieut.- Col. John William Lodge of Bishopdale, William Purchas esq. and James Clarkson Winn esq. J.P. of West Burton. The area is 1,696 acres of land 5 of water; rateable value, £1,354; the population in 1901 was 95.


Letters through Aysgarth Station R.S.O. arrive at 8 a.m.


Wall Letter Box cleared at 4.50 p.m. week days only.


Council-Non Provided School, for children; average attendance, 70; James Hill, master. (p.28)


Brown James, tailor

Dent Richard Lord, farmer & asst.  overseer

Dinsdale Francis Spence, farmer

Dinsdale William, farmer

Fawcett Ann (Mrs.) & Son, farmers

Hemsley James, farmer






Heseltine John, farmer & stone mason

Metcalfe Jeremiah, farmer

Sayer John, farmer

Thwaite Felix, farmer, West Lane ho.

Thwaite Richard, Street Head P.H. &  farmer

Webster Michael, Heifer inn & farmer



THORALBY is pleasantly situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 south-east-by-east from Hawes. There are Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists chapels and a reading-room and library, erected in 1887. Here also is a fine waterfall, called the "Silver Chain Force". William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are William Purchas, esq. of West Burton, Lieut-Col. John William Lodge J.P. of Bishopdale, Arthur L. Sadler esq. of Birkdale, Southport, the trustees of the late H.T. Robinson, esq. and Mrs. Birch. The acreage is 2,857 acres of land and 6 of water; rateable value, £2,186; the population in 1901 was 212.


POST OFFICE. - Mrs. Ann. Jane Webster, postmistress.


Letters arrive from Aysgarth station S.O. at 7.25 a.m; dispatched at 5 p.m; sundays 7.10 a.m.


The nearest money order & telegraph office is at West Burton, 1 mile distant.


The children attend the school at Newbiggin (Cross las) (p.28).

Sadler Misses, High Green house



Beckwith Eliza. (Mrs.), George inn

Calvert Christopher, farmer, Gale Ing

Coates James, farmer

Coates William, farmer

Cowperthwaite John William, farmer

Dinsdale Francis Spence, farmer

Dinsdale John, farmer

Dinsdale Thomas, farmer

Dinsdale Thomas, jun., farmer

Dinsdale William, boot maker

 [my Great  Grandfather, Holmeside

Fawcett Elizabeth & Jane (Misses), apartments, Littleburn

Furnish Francis, farmer

Gould Geo. frmr, & aparts Warnford

Haw James Lamb, boot & shoe maker &  insurance agents

Hemsley Ralph, farmer

Heseltine James, farmer

Heseltine Matthew, farmer

Reading Room (Michael Webster,  treasurer)

Routh Richard, farmer

Sayer Thomas, corn miller (water)

Spence John, farmer

Webster Ann Jane (Mrs,), shopkeeper,  Post office

Webster Septimus, farmer, Heaning

Willis Matthew H. & Sons, registered  shueing smiths

Willis Alice Ann (Miss), shopkeeper

Willis Jane (Mrs.), aparts Stanley ho."  (p.29)

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