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(Courtesy of the Local Studies Collection, Northallerton Library)

"AYSGARTH is a parish, township, village and the head of a union, pleasantly situated on the south of the river Ure, or Yore, in Wensleydale, with a station 1 mile north-east on the Northallerton and Hawes Branch of the North Eastern railway, 8¼ miles west-south-west from Leyburn, 9 east from Hawes and 4 south-east from Askrigg; it is in the Richmond division of the Riding, wapentake and petty sessional division of Hang West, county court district of Leyburn, rural deanery of West Catterick, archdeaconry of Richmond and diocese of Ripon. Electric lighting is supplied by a private company, from power derived from the old water mill. The church of St. Andrew is an ancient building of stone in the Early English style, and later styles, consisting of chancel with aisles, nave, aisles, south porch, and an embattled western tower with pinnacles containing a clock, presented by J.C. Winn esq. in 1904. and 6 bells cast in 1829: the upper stage and pinnacles were added to the tower at the restoration of the church: the elaborately carved and decorated rood screen, now affixed to the south wall of the chancel, was brought from Jervaulx Abbey, and the finely carved ends of the reading desk are also the work of the monks of that house: the reredos of Caen stone, which adorned with a representation of "The last Supper," after Leonardo da Vinci, was given in the year 1887 by the daughters of  the late H.T. Robinson, of Edgley and the Cliff, Leyburn: there is a brass eagle lectern and elegant brass coronæ, and several of the windows are stained, including one to the Rev. Fenwick William Stow, M.A. , vicar 1873-1905: there is also a tablet to the Rev. Clement Hales M.A. founder in 1877 of the Aysgarth Preparatory School, near Jervaulx (d.1900): the church was restored, and to a considerable extent rebuilt in 1866 a cost of about £6,000, and affords 620 sittings. The registers date from the year 1707. The living is a discharged vicarage, net yearly value £350, including 38 acres of glebe ad residence, in the gift of Trinity College Cambridge, and held since 1913 by the Rev. William Kitley Wyley M.A. of that college. The monks of Jervaulx Abbey became impropriators of the tithes of Aysgarth in 1423; they were never restored to the parish, but in Queen Mary's reign were made over to Trinity College, Cambridge, which thus became patron of the benefice. The Wesleyan Methodist chapel here was erected in 1901. A fair for sheep and cattle is held here on October 30th. ...  A new foot bridge was erected in 1906 at Harper-Wath by the Rural District Council, in place of the old stepping stones. In the same year a water supply was provided at a cost of £600, the spring being presented by Mr. John Chapman, of Thornton Rust. The Literary Institute , containing reading and billiards rooms, with a large room above for public meetings, was opened in September, 1907; it was erected on the site of the old reading room at a cost of £600. ...William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. who is lord of the manor, ... The soil is very good; subsoil, limestone. The land is chiefly in pasture. The parish of Aysgarth is very extensive, containing the twelve townships of Aysgarth, High and Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Newbiggin, Thoralby, Thornton Rust and Hawes; it covers an area of 79,561 acres, a great part of which consists of high moorland. ... ecclesiastical parish in 1911, 1,229. ...



The townships in the District are the same as in the Union. 


Council meets at the Board room, Bainbridge, fortnightly on monday.


Chairman, William Kirkbride, Cuebeck, Bainbridge.


Clerk, Alexander Thwaites Storey, Market place, Askrigg.


Treasurer, Leonard Ray Aveny, Hawes


 Medical Officer of Health, Dean Dunbar M.B., B.S. Lond. Aysgarth.


Sanitary Inspector, James Lambert, Aysgarth.


Surveyor, James Whaley, Askrigg.



Aysgarth poor law union comprises the following twelve townships, viz: - High Abbotside, Low Abbotside, Askrigg, Aysgarth, Bainbridge, Bishopdale, Burton-cum-Walden, Carperby-cum-Thoresby, Hawes, Newbiggin, Thoralby and Thornton Rust. The area of the union is 81,033 acres, rateable value, 1912, £33,312; the population in 1911 was 4,262.


Board day monday, fortnightly, at the Board room, Bainbridge, at 1.45 p.m.


Chairman of the Board of Guardians, William Kirkbride, Cuebeck, Bainbridge.


Clerk to the Guardians & Assessment Committee, Alexander Thwaite Storey, Market place, Askrigg.


Treasurer, Leonard Ray Aveny. 


Collector to the Guardians, Relieving & Vaccination Officer for the Union, John Wm. Blakey, Bainbridge.


Medical Officers & Public Vaccinators, Askrigg district, Dean Dunbar M.B., B.S. Aysgarth;

Hawes district, William Morehead McFarlan  M.D. Hawes.


The Poor  Law Institution, at Bainbridge is a building of stone, erected in 1810, & will hold 60 inmates; Rev. Frederick Morris Squibb M.A. vicar of Askrigg, hon chaplain; Frank Hiscock. master; Dean Dunbar M.B., B.S. medical officer;

Mrs. Elizabeth Hiscock, matron (p.31).


The Aysgarth Isolation Hospital, Bainbridge, is a wooden & corrugated structure & will hold six patients; erected in 1912, at a cost of £100. & is run by the Rural District Council; medical officer, master, matron & chaplain, same as the poor law institution.



Superintendent Registrar, Alexander Thwaite Storey, Market place, Askrigg; deputy, Harry Skidmore, Askrigg.


Registrar of Marriages, John Wm. Blakely, Bainbridge.


Registrars of Births & Deaths, Askrigg sub-district, John William Blakely, Bainbridge; deputy, Frank Hiscock, Bainbridge ; Hawes sub-district, Thomas Thornborough Fawcett, Hawes.


Public Elementary School, erected for 127 children;  Miss Jane Lambert, mistress.


Railway Station, Thomas Henry Walls, station master.





BISHOPDALE extends in a southerly direction from 3 to 6 miles from Aysgarth, and consists only of a few scattered farm-houses. Lead is found in small quantities in this township. William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Mrs. Lyddon Lodge, and the Misses Purchas, of West Burton, and Geoffrey B.T. Metcalfe esq. of Lechlade, Glos. The soil is rich loam; subsoil, limestone and gravel; the chief crop is hay. The population in 1911 was 60, and the area is 4,728 acres of land and 5 of water; rateable value, £1,028.

Letters arrive from Aysgarth. 

Wall Letter Box cleared weekly days only.

Public Elementary School (mixed & infants), built in 1880, for 50 children; 

Miss Knowles, mistress. (p.32)








BURTON-cum-WALDEN consists of the pleasant and well built village of West Burton and the straggling hamlet of Walden, and is 1½ miles south from Aysgarth station. Here is a Wesleyan Methodist chapel. Fairs are held for cattle &c. on the 10th of March and 6th of May. Here is a very pretty waterfall. The Grange, West Burton, is the residence of James Clarkson Winn esq. J.P. William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor; the trustees of the late James Moody esq. and J.C. Winn esq. J.P. are the principal landowners. The soil is loam; sub-soil, limestone and gravel; the land is mostly pasture. The population of the township in 1911 was 314; the area is 7,622 acres of land and 30 of water; rateable value, £2,999.

WALDEN which consists of a few scattered farm-house, extends in a southerly direction from West Burton about 2 to 6 miles. Walden Public Elementary School (mixed), for 40 children; Mrs. O'Neil, mistress.


Robinson Memorial Endowed School, erected in 1869, at the sole cost of the late H.T. Robinson esq. for 90 children; it was endowed by the late Mrs. Hudson, & is managed by a body of trustees, acting under the direction of the Education Committee of the County Council; Fred Ramsden, master.

Post, M.O. & T. Office, West Burton. - William Lawson, sub-postmaster. Letters through Aysgarth.

















































Newbiggin is situated in Bishopdale, 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 south east from Hawes. William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Henry Robinson Chapman esq. and the Misses Purchas and William Purchas esq. The area is 1,696 acres of land and 5 of water; rateable value £315; the population in 1911 was 86.


Letters through Aysgarth.


Wall Letter Box.


Council Non-Provided School, for 120 children; Mrs. Hoare, mistress.


Carrier. - John William Heseltine, to Hawes, tues.; to Leyburn, fri. (p.32)
























THORALBY is pleasantly situated in Bishopdale 2 miles south from Aysgarth station and 10 miles south-east-by-east from Hawes. There are Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist chapels and a reading-room and library erected in 1887. Here also is a fine waterfall, called the "Silver Chain Force". William Robinson Burrill-Robinson esq. is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are Mrs Lyddon Lodge of Bishopdale, Robert Sadler esq. of Birkdale, Southport and W.R. Burill-Robinson esq. The acreage is 2,857 acres of land and 6 of water; rateable value, £1,394; the population in 1911 was 173.


Post Office.- Michael Webster, postmaster.


Letters arrive from Aysgarth which is the nearest money order & telegraph office 1¼ miles distant.


The Children attend the school at Newbiggin (Cross las). (p32)




Marked ° farm 150 acres or over.

Allen James, farmer, Long Ridge

Dinsdale William, farmer, Dale foot

Fawcett John Bryan, farmer, Scarr top

Heseltine James, farmer, West New ho.



Heseltine John, farmer, New House Gill

° Heseltine Wm. farmer, Ribba hall

Sayer Francis, Myers garth

° Waddell Matthew, farmer, Kidstones &     Dale head





Marked ° farm 150 acres or over.

Brown James, tailor

° Dinsdale John & James, farmers, East         End

Dinsdale Thomas, farmer

Dinsdale William, farmer

Fawcett Bryan, farmer

Fawcett John, farmer

Fawcett Robert, farmer



Hammond Thomas, farmer

Heseltine Thomas, stone mason

° Heseltine John, farmer

Heseltine John Wm. carrier & frmr

Heseltine Mary Jane (Mrs.), farmer

° Sayer John, farmer Town head

Terry James, greengrocer

Thwaite Mrs. Margaret Ann, Street Head  P.H. & farmer

Webster Michael, Heifer inn & farmer




(Marked thus * should be addressed 

  Leyburn, Yorks.)

*Archer Charles, Sorrelsykes park

Bushby Edward

*Gibson Francis, Hesholme

Hammond John, West Burton house

Irving Miss

Johnson Edward Banks

Johnson Mrs

Lawson James, Valley house

Mawer Thomas

Peacock Mrs

Smith Francis Whaley, The Mount

Whitehead Rev. George Talbot, Flanders hall      (postal address, Aysgarth)

Winn Jas. Clarkson J.P. The Grange


Marked ° farm 150 acres or over.

*Alderson William, farmer, Sorrelsykes farm

Bagley William, farmer

Brown Edward, butcher & farmer

Bushby John, saddler

Bushby William, gardener to J.C. Winn esq.

°Capstick George William, farmer

Coates John & Sons, joiners

Crass Jeanie (Miss), apartments

Gillard George, Black Bull, P.H.

Graham Edward, farmer

Hammond Walter, stone mason

Hartley Harry, boot & shoe dealer

Hemsley Wm. cycle agent & shopkpr

Johnson Edward Banks, solicitor & commissioner for oaths

Lambert Thos. farmer, Grange farm

Lancaster Charles, blacksmith

Lawson William James, grocer

Lawson Margaret Ellen (Mrs.) shop-keeper

Lawson William Anthony, draper, Post office

°Metcalfe Edward, farmer

Myres Robert Skelton, Howrane

Nelson Charles Maurice, Fox & Hounds P.H.

Nicholson Frank, joiner

Nicholson Laurence, Cote farm

*Percival William, Edgley

Pratt William & Sons, druggist & grocers

Reading Room (Harry Hartley sec. &                  treasurer)

Spence Mrs. Margaret, farmer

°Squance Capt. Thomas Hall Conraide,            Foreland, farmer

°Thwaite Thomas, farmer

°Watson Christopher & Sons, farmrs



Marked ° farm 150 acres or over.

°Alderson William John, farmer

Blades John, farmer

Furnish John, farmer

Furnish Matthew, gamekeeper to J.C. Winn esq. J.P.

°Metcalfe Jeffrey, farmer

Metcalfe Richard, farmer

°Spence Bernard & William, farmers

Stubbs Ernest, farmer

°Thompson Robert, farmer

Thwaite Richard. farmer

White Henry

Wilkinson Mrs Jane, farmer


Gawland F. Stockton, Heaning hall

Lambert Francis

Sayer Thomas



Marked ° farm 150 acres or over.

Atkinson John, farmer

Bawe Jos. farmer

Beckwith Elizabeth (Mrs.) apartments

°Close John, farmer

°Coates William, farmer

°Dinsdale Stephen, J. & Frank, frmrs

Dinsdale Francis, farmer

Dinsdale Thomas, jun., farmer

Dinsdale William, boot maker

 [My Great Grandfather]

Fawcett Elizabeth & Jane (Misses),  apartments

Furnish Francis, farmer

°Hemsley Ralph, farmer

°Heseltine Jeffrey, farmer, How Syke &  Cote Bottom

Heseltine Thomas, farmer

°Huck James, farmer, Gale Ing

Humble John, George inn & farmer

°Lambert John, farmer

Metcalfe William, farmer

Reading Room (Matthew Willis,  sec.;  John-Arthur Heseltine treasurer)

Smith Kate Helen (Miss), apartments

 [Low Green House]

Webster Michael, shopkeeper, Post  office

Willis Matthew H. & Sons, registered  shoeing smiths

Willis Jane (Mrs.) apartments & farmer,  Warnford

Willis William, joiner"

 (p. 33)

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